Advance directives enable individuals to exercise control over their futures and ensure that the care they receive at the end of their lives is pursuant to their wishes. Yet, the majority of individuals have not taken advantage of advance directives and the opportunity to control their futures.
There are two forms of advance directives—instruction directives and proxy directives. An instruction directive is one in which a person leaves instructions for his or her future care, but does not appoint an agent to carry out the directions. A living will is the most widely used instruction directive. A proxy directive is one in which instructions are combined with the designation of a person to carry out instructions or to make decisions for the person executing the document. A durable power of attorney for health care or property is an example of a proxy directive.
To record his or her medical preferences, an individual will need to execute written documents detailing them. A living will allows the declarant to document his or her wishes concerning medical treatments at the end of life if the individual is unable to speak for themselves. A health care power of attorney appoints someone to make health care decisions—and not just decisions regarding life-prolonging treatments— on one’s behalf. The appointed health care agent (also called an attorney-in-fact or proxy) becomes the patient’s spokesman and advocate on a range of medical treatments the patient sets out in the document. This type of document is sometimes referred to as a health care proxy, appointment of a health care agent or durable power of attorney for health care.
Up until 2013, the standard for admitting expert testimony in Florida was fairly simple to comprehend: any expert opinion based on scientific technique is “inadmissible unless that technique is generally accepted as reliable in the relevant scientific community.” Thus, according to what many attorneys refer to as the Frye test, the expert testimony must be generally accepted as reliable among his or her peers in order to be admissible in court.
Effective July 1, 2013, Florida changed its expert testimony standard from Frye to Daubertpursuant to Fla. Stat. § 90.702. The Supreme Court in Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals rejected the Frye standard and implemented a new standard for allowing experts to testify based on Federal Rule of Evidence 702, which in the simplest way, is comprised of two parts: 1) the testimony must be based on “scientific, technical, or other specialized knowledge;” and 2) the testimony must “assist the trier of fact to understand the evidence.” The Court also explained that judges can look to other factors in making its determination including if the theory has been tested; peer reviewed; published; contains a small rate of error; and is generally accepted in the relevant scientific community. The Supreme Court made clear that the less-stringent Frye test is just a factor under Daubert.
First, the bill eliminates the numerous types of alimony, most significant, permanent alimony, and instead replaces it with two formulas designated to determine the amount of alimony and the length of time alimony will be awarded. The proposed “presumptive alimony amount range” gives a low and high end based on the number of years of marriage multiplied by either .015 or .020, representing the low and high ends, respectfully. Those numbers are then multiplied by the difference between the monthly gross incomes of the parties. The proposed “presumptive alimony duration range” gives a low end (.25 x years of marriage) and a high end (.75 x years of marriage) to determine the length of time a spouse is entitled to receive alimony. Math aside, the bill makes clear that permanent alimony, which has long been given to the receiving spouse for the remainder of his or her life, is abolished.
An attorney’s work generally requires long hours of deep concentration. Therefore, it is no surprise that we are perpetually sitting at our desks. However, recent studies have shown that sitting for long periods of time can be detrimental to both our physical and mental health.
In fact, in a recent interview with the Los Angeles Times, Dr. James Levine, the director of the Mayo Clinic-Arizona State University Obesity Solutions Initiative and the inventor of the treadmill desk, stated, “sitting is more dangerous than smoking, kills more people than HIV and is more treacherous than parachuting.” Other research has shown that sitting for prolonged periods of time leads to a greater risk of heart disease, obesity, diabetes, muscular issues, and depression. For a detailed description of the health problems associated with constant sitting, watch this enlightening “TED talk” entitled, “Why Sitting is Bad for You.”
Given that many attorneys are often burning the midnight oil at their desks, and are therefore at a high risk of developing health problems associated with frequent sitting, what can law firms do to protect their attorneys against such health risks? Continue reading →
Law360, Los Angeles (March 21, 2016, 2:08 PM ET) — In a BigLaw culture in which doing great work and hitting your billables is par for the course, it’s easy for even excellent attorneys to get lost in the crowd. Boosting your image from reliable worker bee to law firm standout is essential to advancing your career, experts say.
The work comes first — there’s no way to get ahead at a firm without first delivering great results to senior partners and clients. But lawyers who keep their noses to the grindstone and never look up risk languishing with all the work and few of the accolades.
There are essentially two routes to burnishing your image at the firm: developing strong relationships with colleagues and making it rain, experts say. Here, they share five tips for focusing on those two areas to improve your image among firm colleagues.
Become a Leader
Find opportunities to lead within the firm, even if that means taking on an undesirable task and turning it into a leadership role, Reed advises. Volunteering to serve on an internal committee, testing new software or devices, or stepping up to investigate a new practice area opportunity are all things that will be noticed by both your peers and firm decision makers. Continue reading →